Published On: February 20 , 2024|

A circular tourism economy. A handbook for transitioning towards a circular economy within the tourism and hospitality sectors in the South Baltic Region

The concept of the Circular Economy (CE) is defined as a set of principles for production and consumption that are radically different from the linear ‘take-make-dispose’ regime prevalent in today’s market economies. The CE is based on continuous economic growth and increasing resource efficiency. The CE advocates for the implementation of sustainable, green, resource-efficient, and environmentally friendly technologies throughout the entire production system, rather than just in isolated links. Manniche et al.1 analysed the implications of the CE for tourism SMEs and provided recommendations for developing and implementing CE elements through the CIRTOINNO project. It is structured around the three subject-specific fields that the CIRTOINNO project focuses on. The Valencia Conference Centre plays a crucial role in event organisation and tourism, given its economic and employment potential, as well as its social and environmental impact. Currently, the tourism sector has not received much attention as a potential setting for CE initiatives and analysis. The CIRTOINNO project and its CE approach are pioneering and exploratory. They are moving into uncharted territory and trying to establish the first stepping stones and possible future paths for the adoption of circular economy ideas by tourism enterprises. The Valencia Conference Centre exemplifies the application of the 3 Rs: reduce, reuse, and recycle.


Manniche, J., Larsen, K. T., Broegaard, R. B., & Holland, E. (2017)